The Great Wall of China is the longest wall and the largest historical monument in the world. Its sinuous path through the rugged countryside and rugged mountains of northern China offers incredible scenery. From the beaches of Qinhuangdao, to the rugged mountains near Beijing, through a desert corridor between high mountains, the Great Wall offers
The Great Wall of China is the longest wall and the largest historical monument in the world. Its sinuous path through the rugged countryside and rugged mountains of northern China offers incredible scenery. From the beaches of Qinhuangdao, to the rugged mountains near Beijing, through a desert corridor between high mountains, the Great Wall offers a wide range of landscapes more impressive than the others.
Chinese name: 长城 (Chángchéng /channg-chnng/ ‘le long mur’)
Nickname: 万里长城 (Wàn-Lǐ Chángchéng /wann-li channg-chnng/ ‘the-wall-long-of-10000-Li’, in other words, ‘the-wall-of-5000-kms’)
Here are the 20 impressive facts about the Great Wall of China
10 Numbers to remember
1. Its official length is 21196.18 kilometers.
2. Most of the walls still exist date from the Ming dynasty: more than 8851 kilometers long.
3. The Great Wall is more than 2300 years old. (more than 6 dynasties)
4. The Great Ming Wall passes through nine provinces and municipalities: Liaonin, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu.
5. The most visited section is Badaling (63,000,000 visitors in 2001). During the first week of May and October (national holidays), the flow of visitors can reach 70,000 people per day.
6. The average height of the Great Wall in Badaling and Juyong Pass is 7.88 meters, and the highest point is 14 meters.
7. Almost a third of the Great Wall has completely disappeared.
8. Since 1644, when the Ming dynasty was overthrown, no work has been undertaken on the Great Wall (at least not for military purposes, some sections have been renovated for tourism).
9. The restoration and protection of the Great Wall began in 1957 in Badaling.
10. In December 1987, the Great Wall was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
10 other highlights
1. The human eye cannot observe the Great Wall of China from space without technical assistance.
2. The Great Wall is not a continuous line: there are side walls, circular walls, parallel walls and parts without walls (instead, with very high mountains or rivers). During the Qin dynasty (221-206 BC), glutinous rice flour was used to repair the bricks of the Great Wall.
3. The labor used for construction included soldiers, peasants forcibly recruited, convicts and prisoners of war.
4. The first Emperor of the Qin was not the first to build the Great Wall, but he connected the various protective walls built previously in the provinces he conquered.
5. The most popular legend speaks of Meng Jiangnv, whose husband died while building the wall. Her tears were so bitter that part of the wall collapsed, revealing her husband’s bones that she could then bury.
6. The Gubeikou section has bullet holes, relics of the last battle that took place on the wall.
7. During the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), many wall bricks were removed and used to build houses, farms or water tanks.
8. The northwestern parts of the Great Wall (in the provinces of Gansu and Ningxia) are likely to disappear within 20 years, due to desertification and changes in man’s land use.
9. The Jiankou Section, famous for being very steep and sinuous, is most often depicted in books and postcards.
10. The most famous part, Badaling, has been visited by more than 300 heads of state and VIPs from around the world. The first of these was Soviet statesman Klim Voroshilov in 1957.